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The Fall of the Athenian Empire (A New History of the Peloponnesian War)

By Donald Kagan

In the fourth and ultimate quantity of his magisterial heritage of the Peloponnesian battle, Donald Kagan examines the interval from the destruction of Athens' Sicilian day trip in September of 413 B.C. to the Athenian give up to Sparta within the spring of 404 B.C. via his examine of this final decade of the battle, Kagan evaluates the functionality of the Athenian democracy because it confronted its so much critical problem. whilst, Kagan assesses Thucydides' interpretation of the explanations for Athens’ defeat and the destruction of the Athenian Empire.

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All of those activities exhibit sincerely that each side had authorized that the Athenians have been greater at sea until faced by way of overwhelming odds. Astyochus heeded the charm of the Cnidians and moved quickly south to Syme within the desire of assembly Antisthenes' squadron at sea prior to the Athenians may ambush it. as an alternative, rain and fog stressed and scat­ tered his fleet because it approached the island. actually, he had came across the Athenian fleet of Charminus. The Athenians have been fullyyt unaware that Astyochus had ever left Miletus. the single Spartan ships they anticipated have been the twenty-seven of Antisthenes. even though stuck abruptly and with out their complete numbers, the Athenians characteristi­ cally attacked. eight three Advancing opposed to what became out to be the left wing of Astyochus' fleet, they sank 3 ships, broken others, and have been profitable the conflict till, to their astonishment, the complete fleet ap­ peared, they usually have been surrounded. nevertheless, they have been in a position to holiday via and get away to protection , wasting in simple terms six ships. Astyochus sailed to Cnidus, the place he used to be quickly joined by way of the fleet from Caunus. Then the full unified fleet proudly sailed to Syme to establish a trophy of victory over the twenty ships of Charminus. eight• whilst the Athenians at Samos heard the inside track of the conflict, pre­ sumably from the survivors, they accumulated their ships and sailed to Syme. in spite of the ships returning with Charminus, they'd have had fewer than seventy ships opposed to the 90 or so lower than Astyochus; but they sought an come across. regardless of the chances Char­ minus had confronted , they have been embarrassed by means of his defeat. eighty five extra attrac­ tive than profit, notwithstanding, was once the possibility of eventually assembly the Spartan fleet at sea to struggle a decisive conflict. yet regardless of an important numerical virtue and within the presence of the xymbouloi, Astyochus stayed in port at Cnidus and refused conflict. 86 8'8. four 1 . 1-2. Andrewes' recommendation (HCT V, 89) that the ships have been absent "perhaps from hurry, or even a few had installed in other places for the night," is beautiful. 848. forty two• ·'In the Tbesmophoriazusae, produced most likely on the nice Dionysia within the spring of four 1 1 , might be 3 or 4 months after the conflict, Aristophanes has the feminine refrain tease Charminus for wasting a naval conflict (804). If there's any substance at the back of the shaggy dog story, that's not less than partly a play on phrases, the Athenian public, too, could have appeared any naval defeat as disgraceful. For the date of the functionality, see HCT V, 1 eighty four- 193, and A. H. Sommerstein, jHS XCVII ( 1 977), 1 1 2-1 26. 868. forty three . I . <)0 the autumn OF THE ATHENIAN EMPIRE Astyochus' fleet used to be now joined with Antisthenes' ships at Cnidus. because the xymbouloi had orders to enquire and evaluation the costs opposed to Astyochus, and because vital issues during which the navarch has to be concerned impended, we might think that they made their inquiries and held their hearings right now. There might be without doubt that they acquitted Astyochus, simply because he endured in workplace and conducted his tasks till changed your time in the summertime of four 1 1 .

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