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Nietzsche and Antiquity: His Reaction and Response to the Classical Tradition (Studies in German Literature Linguistics and Culture)

By Paul Bishop

This quantity collects a wide-ranging set of essays interpreting Friedrich Nietzsche's engagement with antiquity in all its elements. It investigates Nietzsche's response and reaction to the idea that of "classicism," with specific connection with his paintings on Greek tradition as a philologist in Basel and later as a thinker of modernity, and to his reception of German classicism in all his texts. The e-book can be of curiosity to scholars of historical historical past and classics, philosophy, comparative literature, and Germanistik. Taken jointly, those papers recommend that classicism is either a extra major, and a extra contested, thought for Nietzsche than is usually discovered, and it demonstrates the necessity for a go back to a detailed cognizance to the intellectual-historical context by way of which Nietzsche observed himself working. An know-how of the wealthy number of educational backgrounds, methodologies, and strategies of interpreting evinced in those chapters might be the single manner for the modern student to return to grips with what classicism intended for Nietzsche, and for this reason what Nietzsche skill for us this present day. The booklet is split into 5 sections -- The Classical Greeks; Pre-Socratics and Pythagoreans, Cynics and Stoics; Nietzsche and the Platonic culture; Contestations; and German Classicism -- and constitutes the 1st significant learn of Nietzsche and the classical culture in 1 / 4 of a century. members: Jessica N. Berry, Benjamin Biebuyck, Danny Praet and Isabelle Vanden Poel, Paul Bishop, R. Bracht Branham, Thomas Brobjer, David Campbell, Alan Cardew, Roy Elveton, Christian Emden, Simon Gillham, John Hamilton, Mark Hammond, Albert Henrichs, Dirk t.D. Held, David F. Horkott, Dylan Jaggard, Fiona Jenkins, Anthony ok. Jensen, Laurence Lampert, Nicholas Martin, Thomas A. Meyer, Burkhard Meyer-Sickendiek, John S. Moore, Neville Morley, David N. McNeill, James I. Porter, Martin A. Ruehl, Herman Siemens, Barry Stocker, Friedrich Ulfers and Mark Daniel Cohen, and Peter Yates. Paul Bishop is William Jacks Chair of contemporary Languages on the college of Glasgow.

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17); and Julia Annas, “Democritus and Eudaimonism,” in Victor Caston and Daniel Graham, (eds), Presocratic Philosophy: Essays in Honour of Alexander Mourelatos (London: Ashgate, 2002), 169-81. right here I concur with Annas’s end that “the shaky prestige of our facts approximately Democritus’s ethics could be tremendously exaggerated” (169), and that i won't handle the problem additional the following. thirteen See Kahn, “Democritus and the Origins of ethical Psychology,” who makes this declare for Heraclitus additionally, regardless of Heraclitus’ infamous obscurity (1). All references to the fragments of Democritus and all translations quoted right here and in what follows are from C. C. W. Taylor’s The Atomists: Leucippus and Democritus (Toronto: U of Toronto P, 1999). for every quotation, I give you the connection with Taylor’s textual content first, with the Diels-Kranz concordances given in a while. 14 “Blessedness [eudaimonia] and wretchedness [kakodaimonia] belong to the soul [psychês]” (D24; DK B170); “Blessedness doesn't dwell in herds or in gold; the soul is the dwelling-place of the mother or father spirit” (D25; DK B171). 15 Taylor, The Atomists, p. 227. This declare for Democritus’s value for historic ethics can also be chanced on, for instance, in Gregory Vlastos, “Ethics and Physics in Democritus (Part One),” Philosophical evaluate fifty four (1945): 578-92; and Kahn, “Democritus and the Origins of ethical Psychology. ” Striker increases doubts approximately even if Democritus complex a scientific eudaimonism. She credit Epicurus, a later follower of Democritus, with being “the first thinker who attempted to carry tranquillity into the framework of an eudaimonist theory—significantly, through arguing that it's a kind of pleasure,” and she or he is doubtful that Democritus himself “produced something like a controversy to teach that euthumia is the human strong, the aim of existence, or exact with happiness” (“Ataraxia,” 98-99). even though, for a longer dialogue and security of the declare that Democritus complicated a scientific moral concept, see Michael Nill, Morality and Self-Interest in Protagoras, Antiphon and Democritus (Leiden: Brill, 1985). the main precise and latest therapy of the problem, notwithstanding, is to be present in Warren, Epicurus and Democritean Ethics. Doxographical resources for Democritus’ importance to ethics in antiquity contain Cicero (de Finibus, five. eight. 23 and 29. 87), Seneca (On Tranquillity of brain, 2. 3), Theodoretus (Cure for the Ills of the Greeks, eleven. 6), Stobaeus (2. 7. 31, bringing up Arius Didymus), and Clement (Miscellanies, 2. 130). sixteen Nicomachean Ethics, trans. Terence Irwin, moment ed. (Indianapolis: Hackett, 1999), 1095a, 18-20. 17 allow me observe that advantage Ethics and moral eudaimonism, whereas importantly comparable, are usually not coextensive. All critical contenders for a virtue-based account of ethics are, it sort of feels to me, models of eudaimonism insofar as them all needs to argue for which virtues we should realize and domesticate in ourselves with an eye fixed towards the top to- NIETZSCHE AND DEMOCRITUS ♦ 111 ward which we as humans attempt (or may still strive).

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