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Friendship in the Classical World (Key Themes in Ancient History)

By David Konstan

This publication is a heritage of friendship in Greece and Rome, from the warrior society of the Homeric epics to the time of the Christian Roman Empire. It demonstrates how historic friendship resembles sleek conceptions, and the way it evolves in several social contexts. The e-book sheds new gentle on such questions as friendship and democracy, the significance of buddies in govt and in philosophical groups, women's friendships, and the transformation of friendship less than the impression of Christian principles of brotherhood.

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As the Athenian songs give you the clearest facts of a courting 39 forty Bribe-taking princes: cf. Drews 1983: 105-6, 114. at the continuity among the archaic dais and the classical symposium, cf. Dentzer 1982: 126, 152, 445; Clay 1994: 38; Hesiod and the polis: Donlan 1989: 6; Euboea: Coldstream 1984: eleven; extra wary: Snodgrass 1983; on Hesiod's domestic city of Ascra, see Snodgrass 1990: 132-3. Cambridge Books on-line © Cambridge collage Press, 2010 Downloaded from Cambridge Books on-line through IP 147. 231. seventy nine. one hundred ten on Thu might 20 13:44:52 BST 2010. http://dx. doi. org/10. 1017/CBO9780511612152. 002 Cambridge Books on-line © Cambridge collage Press, 2010 Lyric poetry and the symposium forty five among symposia and friendship, it really is worthy contemplating them in brief earlier than interpreting extra archaic compositions. forty-one one of many lyric consuming songs or skolia that have been sung at Athenian symposia pronounces: "He who doesn't betray a guy who's his good friend [andra philon] has nice honor between mortals and gods, in my judgment" (908). forty two The trace of political treachery and civil strife isn't peculiar; in a track that takes the shape of a prayer to Athena we learn: "Restore this urban and its voters with no discomfort and civil struggle [stasis]" (884). one other runs: "If in basic terms it have been attainable to grasp with out being deceived approximately each one guy who's a pal [andra philon] what he's like, slicing open his chest, having a look into his center, and locking it up back" (889). evaluate the recommendation on hetairoi (892): "a comrade may be common and never imagine crooked suggestions [skolia]" punning on skolia, the identify of the style. a fraction of a ingesting music quoted in Aristophanes' Wasps (1239-40) insists, "It isn't attainable . . . to be a chum [philon] to either" (912) - a caution approximately conflicting loyalties and the need of taking aspects. Harmodius and Aristogeiton, the tyrant-slayers memorialized as lover and loved who liberated Athens from the autocracy of the Peisistratid kinfolk, have been a favored topic at Athens (893-6); in skolia (894, 896) Harmodius is apostrophized as "dearest" (philtate), symbolically embracing him within the symposiastic corporation. One tune (897) urges a comrade (hetairos) to prefer necessary males and steer clear of the cowardly, one other (903) to watch out the scorpion less than the rock back the advice of social clash and betrayal (these are attributed additionally to the poetess Praxilla = 749-50). The skolia bear in mind fondly the camaraderie between youths: one praises overall healthiness, seems to be, wealth, "and fourth, to be younger between buddies" (890; cf. 892, 902). in response to an more and more renowned view between students, symposia supplied the context for the functionality of just about all of lyric and similar genres of brief verse. One authority (Rossi 1983: forty nine) affirms: "The symposium is the location of all monodic [non-choral] poetry ... : the background of lyric is the historical past of the symposium. " The social personality of the symposium within the interval sooner than the Athenian democracy isn't really effortless to evaluate, however it is often meant that as forty-one forty two Later stories: Cooper and Morris 1990: seventy nine; symposium as moment a part of dinner party: Schmitt-Pantel 1992: four - 6 , 32, forty six; aristocratic symposia: Aristophanes Wasps 1208-20; Plato Republic 420c; Dentzer 1982: 448; Cooper and Morris 1990: 77-8.

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