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Flow: Nature's Patterns: A Tapestry in Three Parts

By Philip Ball

From the swirl of a wisp of smoke to eddies in rivers, and the large power typhoon method that's the good spot on Jupiter, we see related types and styles anyplace there's move - even if the circulate of wind, water, sand, or flocks of birds. it's the complicated dynamics of move that buildings our surroundings, land, and oceans.

Part of a trilogy of books exploring the technology of styles in nature through acclaimed technological know-how author Philip Ball, this quantity explores the elusive principles that govern move - the technology of chaotic behavior.

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G. , Shtrikman, S. , and Stavans, J. , ‘Rotationally triggered segregation of granular materials’, actual assessment Letters seventy three (1994): 644. Index activator-inhibitor platforms eighty four aeolian deposition 79–83 Alberti, Leon Battista three Anderson, Robert ninety two attitude of repose 95–97 ants 124 swarms and path styles 146–151 military ants (Eciton burchelli) 146–151 paintings, and fluid flow 5–20, 176–178 and technological know-how 3–5 paintings Nouveau 12–14 artificial lifestyles 127, 128 atmospheric move 37, 62–65 on different planets 35, 37, 41–45 avalanches 93–110, a hundred and eighty micro organism, collective movement 129–131 Bacillus subtilis 129, one hundred thirty five, 139 Bagnold, Ralph Alger 77–79, eighty one, eighty five, 86, 89 Bak, consistent with 102, one hundred and five, 107, 108 Bandello, Matteo 2 bath vortex 35–37, 39 bees, swarming 142 Be´nard, Henri 31, 50–52 Ben-Jacob, Eshel 129 Bernoulli, Daniel 12, 34 Biesel, Francis 36, 37 birds, flocking, see flocking boids 126–128 Brazil nut impact 110–113 Buhl, Jerome 133 Bunas, Kirby ninety two Busse, Friedrich fifty five Cassini, Giovanni Domenico forty-one Chang Yen-yu¨an sixteen chemotaxis 131 chinese language paintings thirteen, 15, sixteen Chladni, Ernst 114 Chladni figures 113–115 Christensen, Kim 109 cloud styles 31, 33, fifty one, 62–64 Constable, John 6 convection 50–76, 167, 179 in grains 111–113 Cornish, Vaughan 86 correlations 174–176 Couette flow 170–173 Couette, Maurice a hundred and seventy Couzin, Iain 136, 137, 139–143, 148 severe states 106, 107 crowd movement 143–146, 159–163 cyclones 37, 38, forty nine defects, in convection fifty eight, fifty nine Derges, Susan 19, 20 Descartes, Rene´ 12, 121 deserts seventy seven, seventy nine, eighty four, 86 Dictyostelium discoideum 131, 138, 139 dimensionless numbers 29 droplets, rotating forty seven, forty eight Duchamp, Marcel 6 dunes seventy seven, seventy eight, 83–91 earthquakes 107, 108 Eaves, Laurence forty eight eddies 7, eleven, 12, 166, one hundred seventy five see additionally vortices Edgerton, Harold 22–25 emergence 127, 128 power cascade, in turbulence a hundred seventy five, 176 erosion 7 188 j INDEX Faraday, Michael 112–114 Farkas, Ille´s a hundred and sixty Feder, Jens 109 fingerprints fifty nine fish, education 124, 136–143 flocking 124–143 Flo´r, Jan-Bert forty fluid dynamics 26, 165–169 wooded area fires 107, 108 Forrest, Spencer eighty two, eighty three Franks, Nigel 148 frost heaving seventy four galaxies, shapes forty five, forty seven Gombrich, Ernst 7 granular media 77–123, one hundred eighty nice pink Spot, Jupiter 41–45, one hundred seventy five Gutenberg-Richter legislations 107 Haeckel, Ernst four, 12 Haff, Peter eighty two, eighty three Hajj 160–163 Halley, Edmund sixty four Haynes, Vance 86 Heisenberg, Werner 164 Helbing, Dirk 144–146, 151–154, 158–163 Helmholtz, Hermann von 35 Herrmann, Hans 88, ninety, ninety one Hiemenz, Karl 31 Hill, Richard forty eight Hong, Daniel 113 Hooke, Robert forty-one hydroid 24, 25 hydrological cycle 7 hysteresis 139 hurricanes forty nine jap paintings thirteen, 20 Jugendstil 12 Jullien, Remi 111, 113 Jupiter, surroundings of 41–45, one hundred seventy five Katsuki, Atsunari 89, ninety Kelvin, Lord 35, forty five Kelvin-Helmholtz instability 35–37 Kemp, Martin five Kerner, Boris 158 Kessler, Mark seventy four Ka´rma´n, Theodore von 31 Ka´rma´n vortex road 30–33, a hundred seventy five Keltsch, Joachim 151 keratocytes one hundred thirty five klinotaxis 131 Kolmogorov, Andrei 175–177 Krantz, William seventy three, seventy four Lamb, Horace 164 laminar flow 28, 29, 167, a hundred and seventy Landau, Lev 166 landslides, see avalanches lane formation, in animal movement 145–151 Langton, Chris 127 leaf-cutter ants (Atta cephalotes) 151 Leonardo da Vinci 1–12, 17, 18, 20, 25, 26, 36 Leray, Jean 27, a hundred sixty five Lifshitz, Evgeny 166 Lighthill, James a hundred and forty four liquefaction, of grains seventy eight liquid crystals fifty nine locusts, banding and swarming 133–135 Machiavelli, Niccolo` 7 Maelstrom 39 Makse, Herna´n 93–96 Manneville, Jean-Baptiste forty two mantle convection 65–71 Marangoni, Carlo sixty one Marangoni convection 60–62 Marcus, Philip forty two Mars, dunes 86, 87, ninety, ninety one mass extinctions a hundred and five, 108 Meakin, Paul 111, 113 Meinhardt, Hans eighty four Melo, Francisco 114 Meyers, Steven forty three Molna´r, Peter one hundred forty four, 151 Morland, George 12 Mucha, Alphonse 14 Nagel, Kai one hundred fifty five, 158 Nagel, Sidney 108, 113 Navier, Claude-Louis 167 Navier-Stokes equations 167, 168, 173 INDEX j 189 Newton, Isaac 166, 167 Nordenskjold, Otto seventy one ocean movement sixty four, sixty five Olson, Peter forty two On development and shape (Thompson) 24, 25, sixty seven oscillons 120–122 Ottino, Julio ninety eight Oyama, Yositisi ninety eight panic, in crowd movement 159–163 Parr, Adrian five Parteli, Eric ninety one patterned floor 71–75 pedestrian movement, see crowd movement section transitions 139 images, high-speed 21–24 The Physics of Blown Sand and wasteland Dunes (Bagnold) seventy seven pipe flow 167–169 Plateau, Joseph Antoine Ferdinand forty seven, forty eight plate tectonics sixty six plughole, see tub vortex plumes, in mantle convection 67–71 Poe, Edgar Allan 39 Popham, Arthur 7, eleven Potts, Wayne one hundred twenty five energy legislations 104, a hundred and ten, 176 Prantl, Ludwig 31 predation, and flocking 139–142 Quincke, Heinrich 50 Rackham, Arthur 12, 15 Radakov, D.

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