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Applied Superconductivity: Handbook on Devices and Applications (Encyclopedia of Applied Physics)

This wide-ranging presentation of utilized superconductivity, from basics and fabrics correct as much as the main points of many functions, is a necessary reference for physicists and engineers in educational study in addition to in undefined.

Readers trying to find a finished assessment on easy results relating to superconductivity and superconducting fabrics will extend their wisdom and knowing of either high and low Tc superconductors with recognize to their software. expertise, practise and characterization are coated for bulk, unmarried crystals, thins fi lms in addition to digital units, wires and tapes.

The major good thing about this paintings lies in its large assurance of vital functions in magnets, strength engineering, electronics, sensors and quantum metrology. The reader will locate details on superconducting magnets for various functions like particle physics, fusion study, drugs, and biomagnetism in addition to fabrics processing. SQUIDs and their utilization in medication or geophysics are
thoroughly coated, as are superconducting radiation and particle detectors, facets on superconductor electronic electronics, top readers to quantum computing and new devices.

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Molecular Mechanics and Modeling

This ebook makes a speciality of the most recent advancements in molecular mechanics and modeling learn. incorporated during this ebook are chapters reviewing the growth of the bridging phone strategy (BCM) in its formula and its nanostructure and fabric modeling functions; an research of the response selectivity of alanine racemase mutants; and a step-wise approach for inferring the stereo constitution of proteins built utilizing comparable stereo buildings. Lastly,molecular mechanics dependent versions have confirmed to supply a illustration of ordinary carbon porosity and permit computational estimates of molecule surface
interaction energies.

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The Fabric of Reality: The Science of Parallel Universes--and Its Implications

By David Deutsch

For David Deutsch, a tender physicist of surprising originality, quantum idea includes our such a lot basic wisdom of the actual international. Taken actually, it signifies that there are lots of universes “parallel” to the single we see round us. This multiplicity of universes, in response to Deutsch, seems to be the main to attaining a brand new worldview, one that synthesizes the theories of evolution, computation, and data with quantum physics. thought of together, those 4 strands of clarification demonstrate a unified textile of fact that's either aim and understandable, the topic of this bold, difficult e-book. The textile of Reality explains and connects many issues on the cutting edge of present examine and considering, equivalent to quantum desktops (which paintings via successfully taking part with their opposite numbers in different universes), the physics of time go back and forth, the comprehensibility of nature and the actual limits of digital fact, the importance of human existence, and the final word destiny of the universe. right here, for scientist and layperson alike, for thinker, science-fiction reader, biologist, and desktop specialist, is a startlingly entire and rational synthesis of disciplines, and a brand new, confident message approximately lifestyles.

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Computational Methods for Physicists: Compendium for Students (Graduate Texts in Physics)

By Simon Sirca, Martin Horvat

This e-book is helping complex undergraduate, graduate and postdoctoral scholars of their day-by-day paintings by way of providing them a compendium of numerical equipment. the alternative of equipment will pay  major realization to blunders estimates, balance and convergence matters in addition to to the how you can optimize application execution speeds. Many examples are given during the chapters, and every bankruptcy is by way of no less than a handful of extra complete difficulties that may be handled, for instance, on a weekly foundation in a one- or two-semester direction. In those end-of-chapter difficulties the physics history is mentioned, and the most textual content previous them is meant as an creation or as a later reference. much less tension is given to the reason of person algorithms. it's attempted to urge within the reader an personal self sustaining pondering and a certain quantity of scepticism and scrutiny rather than blindly following on hand advertisement instruments.

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The Making of the Atomic Bomb: 25th Anniversary Edition

By Richard Rhodes

Twenty-five years after its preliminary ebook, The Making of the Atomic Bomb remains the definitive background of nuclear guns and the ny undertaking. From the turn-of-the-century discovery of nuclear strength to the shedding of the 1st bombs on Japan, Richard Rhodes’s Pulitzer Prize-winning publication information the technological know-how, the folks, and the socio-political realities that ended in the advance of the atomic bomb.

This sweeping account starts within the nineteenth century, with the invention of nuclear fission, and keeps to global warfare and the americans’ race to overcome Hitler’s Nazis. That pageant introduced the long island undertaking and the approximately in a single day development of an unlimited military-industrial advanced that culminated within the fateful losing of the 1st bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Reading like a character-driven suspense novel, the e-book introduces the gamers during this saga of physics, politics, and human psychology—from FDR and Einstein to the visionary scientists who pioneered quantum idea and the appliance of thermonuclear fission, together with Planck, Szilard, Bohr, Oppenheimer, Fermi, Teller, Meitner, von Neumann, and Lawrence.

From nuclear power’s earliest foreshadowing within the paintings of H.G. Wells to the brilliant glare of Trinity at Alamogordo and the hands race of the chilly struggle, this dread invention endlessly replaced the process human background, and The Making of The Atomic Bomb offers a wide ranging backdrop for that story.

Richard Rhodes’s skill to craft compelling biographical photographs is matched purely through his rigorous scholarship. instructed in wealthy human, political, and medical aspect that any reader can keep on with, The Making of the Atomic Bomb is a thought-provoking and masterful paintings.

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The Little Book of String Theory (Science Essentials)

The Little booklet of String Theory bargains a quick, available, and enjoyable creation to at least one of the main talked-about components of physics this present day. String thought has been known as the "theory of everything." It seeks to explain the entire basic forces of nature. It encompasses gravity and quantum mechanics in a single unifying thought. however it is unproven and fraught with controversy. After studying this booklet, one can draw your personal conclusions approximately string theory.

Steve Gubser starts off by means of explaining Einstein's well-known equation E = mc2 , quantum mechanics, and black holes. He then supplies readers a crash direction in string concept and the center rules at the back of it. In simple English and with not less than arithmetic, Gubser covers strings, branes, string dualities, additional dimensions, curved spacetime, quantum fluctuations, symmetry, and supersymmetry. He describes efforts to hyperlink string concept to experimental physics and makes use of analogies that nonscientists can comprehend. How does Chopin's Fantasie-Impromptu relate to quantum mechanics? What would it not be wish to fall right into a black gap? Why is dancing a waltz just like considering a string duality? discover within the pages of this book.

The Little e-book of String Theory is the basic, latest beginner's advisor to this based, multidimensional box of physics.

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The Man Who Stalked Einstein: How Nazi Scientist Philipp Lenard Changed the Course of History

By Bruce J. Hillman

By the tip of global battle I, Albert Einstein had develop into the face of the hot technology of theoretical physics and had made a few robust enemies. a type of enemies, Nobel Prize winner Philipp Lenard, spent a occupation attempting to discredit him. Their tale of clash, pitting Germany’s most generally celebrated Jew opposed to the Nazi scientist who was once to turn into Hitler’s leader consultant on physics, had an effect a ways exceeding what the medical group felt on the time. certainly, their mutual antagonism affected the path of technological know-how lengthy after 1933, whilst Einstein took flight to the United States and altered the historical past of 2 countries. The guy Who Stalked Einstein details the annoying dating among Einstein and Lenard, their rules and activities, throughout the eventful interval among global struggle I and international battle II.

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The Mathematical Theory of Cosmic Strings: Cosmic Strings in the Wire Approximation (Series in High Energy Physics, Cosmology and Gravitation)

This e-book is a accomplished survey of the present country of information in regards to the dynamics and gravitational houses of cosmic strings taken care of within the idealized classical approximation as line singularities defined by way of the Nambu-Goto motion. The author's objective is to supply a customary connection with all paintings that has been released because the mid-1970s and to hyperlink this interact in one conceptual framework and a unmarried notational formalism. A operating wisdom of simple basic relativity is thought. The ebook may be crucial studying for researchers and postgraduate scholars in arithmetic, theoretical physics, and astronomy attracted to cosmic strings.

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The Legacy of Albert Einstein: A Collection of Essays in Celebration of the Year of Physics

“In this narrow quantity, a few dozen specialists mirror succinctly on quite a few at the moment fascinating themes, from black gap entropy in string conception to the problem of darkish power. The publication should still curiosity basically graduate scholars in physics and in addition a few undergraduates . . . is an exceptional mirrored image of the internationalism of contemporary technology that stretches throughout international locations and continents, race, and religion.” selection “It offers a wide, transparent and targeted evaluation of the way his 5 recognized papers sowed the seeds of revolution of 20th-century physics. for lots of, together with the authors of this publication, he used to be definitely a hero and a version . . . I definitely loved the stylish process of explaining summary options and their destiny implications in the course of the phrases of a few of the well known specialists within the field.” Cern Courier “. . . it's a necessary addition to any technological know-how library because it is obtainable to any scientist with a basic physics heritage. I completely suggest it.” Australian Physics “Spenta Wadia brings jointly a set of stimulating articles by way of unusual authors from either the Indian and the foreign physics groups on quite a few advancements in physics initiated through Einstein in the course of his lifelong pursuit of actual theory.” Mathematical reports This vital quantity includes a compendium of articles protecting an enormous variety of subject matters in physics which have been began or stimulated by means of the works of Albert Einstein: unique relativity, quantum idea, statistical physics, condensed subject physics, common relativity, geometry, cosmology and unified box thought. An essay at the societal position of Einstein is integrated. those articles, written by means of a few of the popular specialists, supply an insider's view of the fascinating global of basic technological know-how.

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